IV NON. OCT. (4) C

Jejunium cereris

Nel 191 aev a Roma ed in altre città del Lazio si verificarono molti prodigia e templi furono colpiti da fulmini, per questo motivo furono consultati i libri sibillini. Il responso dei decemviri fu che i segni dovevano essere espiati indicendo una festa in onore di Cerere in cui ci si doveva astenere dal cibo (Jejunium cereris instituere [Ov. Met. I, 312; V, 534; Fast. IV, 535; Hor. Sat. II, 3, 291]) da celebrarsi ogni cinque anni. Fu decretata anche una supplicatio solenne e nove giorni di sacrifici espiatori [Liv. XXXVI, 37, 4 – 5]. Questa ricorrenza divenne probabilmente annuale al tempo di Augusto [Fast. Amit.].

 

Jejunium cereris

In 191 BCE in Rome and other cities of Latium occurred many temples were struck by lightning and other prodigia happened, so the Sibylline books were consulted. The response of the decemviri was: the signs had to be expiated by a festival in honor of Ceres during which people had to abstain from food (Jejunium Cereris instituere [Ov. Met. I, 312; V, 534; Fast. IV, 535; Hor. Sat. II, 3, 291]); the celebration had to be renewed every five years. It was also decreed a solemn supplicatio and nine days of sin offering [Liv. XXXVI, 37, 4 – 5]. This festival became annual probably the time of Augustus [Fast. Amit.].

 

Picture

FAUSTINA II (Augusta, 147-176). Denarius. Rome.

Obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA. Draped bust right. Rev: CERES. Ceres, veiled, seated left on cista, holding two grain ears and torch. RIC 669 (Marcus Aurelius)